In 2000, the UN General Assembly proclaimed 18 December as International Migrants Day (A/RES/55/93), with the aim of promoting the exchange of experiences and opportunities for collaboration between countries and regions in the face of the challenges of international migration. On that day, in 1990, the Assembly adopted the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (A/RES/45/158).
The aim of this "International Migrant Day" is to make visible the challenges, difficulties and adversities faced by migrants around the world, as well as to call on the nations of the world to contribute to making migration a safe, regular and dignified process.
Regardless of the reasons forcing people to move, migrants and displaced persons are among the most vulnerable and marginalised groups in society and are often exposed to abuse and exploitation. They have limited access to essential services, including health care, and face xenophobic attacks and stigmatisation induced by the spread of misinformation. In addition, many migrant workers obtain temporary, informal or unprotected work, which exposes them to increased risk of insecurity, dismissal, and poor working conditions.
According to data from the International Organization for Migration (IOM), due to the lack of safe and regular migration routes, millions of people continue to embark on dangerous journeys year after year. Since 2014, more than 50,000 migrants have lost their lives on migration routes around the world.
Despite this, migrants have proven to be a source of prosperity, innovation and sustainable development for countries of origin, transit and host countries. Their financial contributions through remittances provide a lifeline for families and stimulate local markets, especially in low- and middle-income countries.
The CLIMOVE Project aims to contribute to the protection of migrants, in particular those affected by disasters linked to climate change. The legal challenges posed by the different new forms of migration require legal-political frameworks that are up to the task of guaranteeing the human rights, the security and dignity of people around the world, especially those living in contexts of high social, economic and environmental vulnerability, such as women and girls.
Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow (H2020-MSCA-IF-2020)nº101031252